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Radicalisation & Extremism

Children and young people may be vulnerable to abuse or exploitation from outside the family. These threats can take a variety of different forms and can include influences of extremism leading to radicalisation (Working Together, 2018).

Radicalisation is when somebody starts believing or support extreme views, and in the worst cases, goes on to participate in terrorism. Children can be exposed to different views and some of these may be considered radical or extreme. Young people who are being radicalised may be unaware that it is happening, as it is often a gradual process.

Radicalisation can be motivated by many different things, such as religious beliefs, political beliefs, and prejudices against particular groups of people. Young people can be radicalised by close family or friends, through contact with extremist groups, or online. Usually membership of an extremist or terrorist group will offer a sense of community, purpose, and identity which may be appealing to young people who are experiencing changes in their lives, exploring new things, and questioning and discovering their own faith, sense of belonging, and identity.

The process of radicalisation may involve being:

  • Groomed, either in person or online
  • Exploited (which may include sexual exploitation)
  • Psychologically manipulated
  • Exposed to inappropriate information and violent material
  • Put at risk of physical harm or death through terrorist acts

Find out how to spot the signs of neglect here.

Click here for the Pan-Sussex procedure on Children and Young People Vulnerable to Violent Extremism.

Prevent Duty

Prevent is part of the Government’s counter-terrorism strategy CONTEST which aims to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. The Prevent strategy addresses all forms of terrorism by responding to the ideological challenge of terrorism, supporting vulnerable people, and working with key sectors and institutions.

Responsible authorities are local authorities, schools, further and higher education, the health sector, prison, probation and the police. Further information can be found in the government guidance.

Making a referral to Channel Panel

Channel is a Multi-Agency Process, which provides support to those who may be vulnerable to being drawn into terrorism. Channel uses existing collaboration between partners to support individuals and protect them from being drawn into terrorism.

Referrals to Channel are voluntary. If you think that someone may be vulnerable to radicalisation you can make a referral using this form.


If you are concerned about a child, please contact Front Door For Families on 01273 290400, FrontDoorForFamilies@brighton-hove.gov.uk, or use their Online Referral Form.

Any worker who believes a crime is being committed, or planned, or is aware of any terrorist activity, should contact Sussex Police Prevent team without delay on 101 ext. 550543

If you want advice from the Prevent team regarding concerns about an individual please email Channel.Prevent@brighton-hove.gov.uk.

For more information on how to help prevent terrorism and extremism, or report any concerns, visit the Safe in the City website.

If a child is in immediate danger,
you should contact the
police by calling 999.